How to Become a Licensed Security Guard in Alberta, Canada: Step-by-Step Guide


The security industry in Alberta is growing rapidly, offering numerous opportunities for those interested in becoming a security guard. Whether you are looking to start a new career or change your professional path, becoming a licensed security guard can be a rewarding choice. This guide provides a comprehensive, step-by-step process on how to become a licensed security guard in Alberta, ensuring you meet all the requirements and are well-prepared for the job.

Understanding the Role of a Security Guard

Duties and Responsibilities

Security guards play a crucial role in maintaining safety and security in various settings, including commercial properties, residential areas, and public events. Their primary duties include monitoring surveillance systems, patrolling designated areas, controlling access points, and responding to emergencies. Security guards also enforce rules and regulations to prevent criminal activity and ensure the safety of individuals and property.

Types of Security Guard Positions

There are several types of security guard positions available, each with its own set of responsibilities and work environments. Some common types of security guard roles include:

  • Static Guard: Stationed at a specific location, such as a building entrance or reception area, to monitor and control access.
  • Mobile Patrol: Patrols designated areas in a vehicle or on foot to detect and prevent security breaches.
  • Event Security: Provides security services at events, ensuring the safety of attendees and managing crowd control.

Requirements to Become a Security Guard in Alberta

Age and Citizenship Requirements

To become a licensed security guard in Alberta, you must be at least 18 years old. Additionally, you must be a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident, or legally entitled to work in Canada. This ensures that you meet the legal requirements to work as a security guard in the province.

Education and Language Proficiency

While there are no specific educational requirements to become a security guard in Alberta, having a high school diploma or equivalent can be beneficial. Strong communication skills are essential, as security guards must be able to communicate effectively with clients, the public, and law enforcement. Proficiency in English is required, and knowledge of additional languages can be an asset.

Criminal Record Check

Before you can be licensed as a security guard in Alberta, you must undergo a criminal record check. This ensures that you do not have any criminal convictions that would disqualify you from working in the security industry. A clean criminal record is crucial for maintaining the integrity and trustworthiness of security professionals.

Completing the Mandatory Training

Approved Training Programs

In Alberta, prospective security guards must complete an approved training program. These programs cover essential topics and provide the knowledge and skills necessary to perform security duties effectively. Approved training providers can be found through the Alberta Ministry of Justice and Solicitor General.

Topics Covered in the Training

The mandatory training program covers various topics, including:

  • Law and legislation relevant to security work
  • Emergency procedures and response
  • Communication skills
  • Use of force guidelines
  • Report writing and documentation

Duration and Cost of the Training

The duration of the training program varies but typically ranges from 40 to 60 hours. The cost of the training also varies depending on the provider, with prices generally ranging from $250 to $500. It is important to choose a reputable and accredited training provider to ensure the quality of your education.

Passing the Alberta Security Services and Investigators Act Exam

Exam Format and Content

After completing the mandatory training, you must pass the Alberta Security Services and Investigators Act exam. This exam tests your knowledge of the material covered in the training program and your understanding of the duties and responsibilities of a security guard. The exam format typically includes multiple-choice and true/false questions.

Study Tips and Resources

To prepare for the exam, review the material covered in your training program and utilize any study guides or practice tests provided by your training provider. Focus on key areas such as legislation, emergency procedures, and communication skills. Consistent study and practice will increase your chances of passing the exam on your first attempt.

Registration Process and Fees

To register for the exam, you will need to contact an approved exam provider. The registration process involves submitting your training completion certificate and paying the exam fee, which typically ranges from $50 to $100. Schedule your exam at a convenient time and location, and ensure you are well-prepared to succeed.

Applying for Your Security Guard License

Required Documents

Once you have passed the exam, you can apply for your security guard license. You will need to submit several documents, including:

  • Your training completion certificate
  • Your exam results
  • Proof of identity (e.g., driver's license, passport)
  • Criminal record check results

Application Process

The application process can be completed online or in person. To apply online, visit the Alberta Ministry of Justice and Solicitor General's website and follow the instructions for submitting your application. If you prefer to apply in person, visit a registry office with your documents and complete the application form. Ensure all information is accurate and complete to avoid delays in processing.

Application Fees and Processing Time

There is a fee to apply for your security guard license, which typically ranges from $100 to $150. The processing time for your application can vary but generally takes between 2 to 4 weeks. Once your application is approved, you will receive your security guard license, allowing you to begin working in the industry.

Starting Your Career as a Licensed Security Guard

Job Search Tips and Resources

With your security guard license in hand, you can start searching for job opportunities. Utilize online job boards, such as Indeed and LinkedIn, as well as specialized security industry job sites. Networking with professionals in the field and attending job fairs can also help you find employment opportunities.

Networking and Professional Development

Building a network of contacts in the security industry can be beneficial for your career growth. Join professional associations, attend industry events, and connect with other security professionals to expand your network. Continuous professional development, such as attending workshops and obtaining additional certifications, can also enhance your skills and career prospects.

Joining Professional Associations

Consider joining professional associations such as the Alberta Association of Security Personnel (AASP) or the Canadian Security Association (CANASA). Membership in these organizations provides access to resources, training opportunities, and a network of industry professionals. Being part of a professional association can also enhance your credibility and career prospects.

Maintaining Your Security Guard License

Renewal Process and Fees

Your security guard license must be renewed periodically, typically every two years. The renewal process involves submitting an application, providing proof of ongoing training or professional development, and paying a renewal fee. Ensure you keep track of your license expiry date and complete the renewal process promptly to avoid lapses in your licensure.

Continuing Education and Training Requirements

Continuing education is essential for maintaining your skills and knowledge as a security guard. Participate in ongoing training programs and courses to stay updated on industry standards, legal requirements, and best practices. Regularly attending workshops and seminars can also help you stay current with new developments in the security field.

Reporting Changes in Personal Information

If there are any changes to your personal information, such as your address or contact details, you must report them to the Alberta Ministry of Justice and Solicitor General. Keeping your information up-to-date ensures that you receive important notifications and that your license remains valid.

Advancing Your Career in the Security Industry

Additional Certifications and Specializations

To advance your career in the security industry, consider obtaining additional certifications and specializations. Certifications such as First Aid/CPR, advanced security training, or specialized courses in areas like cyber security can enhance your qualifications and open up new job opportunities.

Opportunities for Advancement

With experience and additional training, security guards can advance to supervisory or management positions. Opportunities for advancement may include roles such as security supervisor, security manager, or specialized security positions in areas like loss prevention or executive protection.

Long-Term Career Prospects

The security industry offers a variety of long-term career prospects. As you gain experience and build your credentials, you may explore opportunities in higher-level security roles, consulting, or even starting your own security business. The skills and knowledge gained as a security guard can be valuable assets in various career paths within the security sector.


Becoming a licensed security guard in Alberta involves several steps, including meeting the eligibility requirements, completing mandatory training, passing the Alberta Security Services and Investigators Act exam, and applying for your license. With the right preparation and dedication, you can embark on a rewarding career in the security industry.

Safeguard Security is a leading security services provider based in Calgary, Canada. We are committed to delivering high-quality security solutions tailored to meet the unique needs of our clients. Our team of experienced security professionals is dedicated to ensuring the safety and security of businesses, residential communities, and public events throughout Alberta.

For more information about our services and career opportunities, please visit our website or contact us directly. Safeguard Security is here to provide you with the security solutions you need and the professional support you deserve.